Forklift refers to all kinds of wheeled vehicles for loading, stacking, and short distance transportation of pallet goods, also known as industrial vehicles. It is an important equipment in the logistics industry, plays a very important role in the logistics system, and is an indispensable equipment in the material handling and storage equipment. Forklift is the main tool to realize the mechanized operation of logistics, reduce the labor intensity of workers' transportation, improve the efficiency of operations, and reduce the logistics cost of warehousing.
Forklift trucks can usually be divided into three main categories: internal combustion forklift, electric forklift and storage forklift. Forklift has a wide range of applications, including construction industry, machinery manufacturing industry, transportation industry, textile industry, chemical industry, metallurgical industry, energy industry and other fields. Among them, the construction industry and machinery manufacturing industry accounted for the largest proportion of the application area, accounting for 26% and 20% respectively.
According to the data of the analysis report on the production and marketing demand forecast and the transformation and upgrading of the Chinese forklift manufacturing industry in 2014-2018 years, the China Industrial vehicle has a stronger development trend in 2013. In 2013, the sales volume of five types of forklift trucks (motor vehicles) in the domestic motor vehicle manufacturing enterprises in 2013 has reached 328764, compared with 28 in 2012. The 8662 has risen by 13.89%.
In 2013, the global market share of my domestic forklift was 41.23%, which increased by 8.16% over the same period, still ranked first in the world; the global share of electric storage vehicles was 10.58%, 6.87% and third in the world. Compared with the advantages of internal combustion forklift, the global market share of various electric storage vehicles in our country is still very low, but it keeps growing and has a good momentum of development. In the future, the development space of the overseas market of electric storage vehicles in our country is huge.
The forklift industry report of the forward Industry Research Institute believes that the future forklift industry will present the following trends: (1) the motor vehicle will be more environmentally friendly, the application range of the electric forklift is wider; and the high and new technology of the integration of energy saving and mechanical and electrical liquid will be widely used; and the safety and intelligence will be further developed.
From the perspective of industry development, the downstream customers and industry cycles of forklift industry are totally different from construction machinery. The downstream application of the engineering machinery is mainly real estate and infrastructure, and the downstream of the forklift is a variety of industrial and commercial enterprises involved in material handling. The downstream application is very wide, and the cycle of forklift industry is obviously different from the construction machinery enterprises affected by real estate and infrastructure. The development of forklift industry mainly benefits from rising labor costs and the development of logistics industry.
In the next few years, with the promotion and implementation of the comprehensive reform plan deployed by the party in the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the adjustment and transformation of the economic structure will continue to develop in depth. The vitality of the domestic market economy will be further activated. In the process of industrialization, new urbanization, information and agricultural modernization, new consumption and investment will be made. The hot spots are constantly being excavated and replaced. The capacity and potential of the forklift industry's domestic market are enormous.
From the development trend of the domestic forklift market, the gradual disappearance of the demographic dividend, the promotion of the whole social logistics efficiency and the transformation and upgrading of the industrial structure all will stimulate the new demand and vitality of the forklift market. Using the overseas mature market for reference, the domestic forklift will transform from the homogeneous product competition to the product innovation, service innovation and model innovation. In addition, with the increasing awareness of the whole society, the green, energy saving and environmental type forklift trucks will gradually get the approval of the vast number of users, such as electric forklift, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas and so on. The forklift truck, which meets the new emission standards, will become a hot spot in the future market.